Visit From the Goon Squad (Part 1)

This is the first of two posts about Jennifer Egan’s Pulitzer Prize winning work- Visit From the Goon Squad:

Meet Sasha (from whose vantage we see the first chapter): she’s a 30-something kleptomaniac formerly employed by music industry executive Bennie Salazar. Now (2nd chapter) meet Bennie, divorced, sold-out to a mainstream label, his best days behind him, trying to find in music the spark of youth of his high-school band (The Flaming Dildos). Flash back to meet Rhea (3rd chapter, first-person), the overly-freckled girl who loves high-school Bennie (who in turn loves rich Alice, who loves Dildos lead-singer Scotty (6th), who loves Jocelyn (5th), who loves Lou, a 40-something record executive who will turn out to one day be Benny’s mentor). Maybe twenty-five or so years later Lou dies, largely alone, mostly forgotten. Even as he rises towards death he tries to pull himself back to a youth misremembered, clutching to two 40-something women, one of whom he fucked while she was a high-schooler (see above). She thinks he ruined her life. He doesn’t want to remember that. He just wants to be young. That’s all he ever wanted.

Sorry, you probably think I’m spoiling the book for you. I’m not; I swear. A Visit From the Goon Squad doesn’t have a plot as such: Egan takes Proust for her epigrapher, then jumps back and forth in time, eschewing the common conceit of suspense by often mentioning, as an aside, the outlined future of her characters. Here’s an example:

“The warrior smiles at Charlie…. Thirty-five years from now, in 2008, this warrior will be caught in the tribal violence between Kikuyu and the Luo and will die in a fire. He’ll have had four wives and sixty-three grandchildren by then, one of whom, a boy named Joe, will inherit his lalema: the iron hunting dagger in a leather scabbard now hanging at his side. Joe will go to college at Columbia and study engineering, becoming an expert in visual robotic technology that detects the slightest hint of irregular movement (the legacy of a childhood spent scanning the grass for lions)….”

The goon squad of the title is time. Every character in the book dies, if not on-screen, then certainly off, at least eventually (we don’t see most of them, but we know where they’re heading).  I’d apologize for ruining the surprise, but of course that’s the point: every character in every book dies (if only off-screen), because every person dies. The goon squad’s visits remind us that our whole, piteous lives must be measured against the vast vacuum in which they take place. Many (most?) of Egan’s characters try to scrabble back up the vine of their memory, hoping to climb to a moment of youth too remote for the abyss below to be visible. They never succeed.

Nobodies and failures populate the novel. Even those outwardly-blessed by success – Bennie, Lou, rock-star Bosco of the Conduits, publicist La Doll (or, by the time we get to know her, Dolly) – have been beaten up and left disfigured by time. Unfortunately, it can all get a bit numbing after a while: Egan structures her book as a series of swirling viewpoints, surrounding two or maybe three lives (Bennie, Sasha, and, to some extent, Lou). Each chapter takes up a different character’s point-of-view. The book spins forward and backward throughout time but has perhaps a general trend-line stretching from Bennie’s teen years in the early 80s towards a future maybe ten-fifteen years distant from our own.

The lack of structure (is the book a novel or collection of related short stories?) combined with the thematic similarity of the characters and their stories, can make Goon Squad feel at times a bit more authorial hammer than writerly laser. Egan’s commitment to portraying a host of characters is impressive. Her 274-page book peeks into the interior life of more than a dozen characters, nearly as many (by my guesstimate) as Tolstoy’s 1350-page War and Peace, not a book known for its narrow focus. That’s a formidable task for any writer to undertake, and she deserves credit for her bravery. Moreover, her characters, male and female, are sturdily-drawn and fairly convincing. She has a particular faculty with teenagers and children, whose voices often illuminate the best parts of the novel, including a stunningly good PowerPoint diary drawn up by a 12-year old of the future. It brings the book to an emotional crescendo and was, to me, by far the most powerful thing in it.

And yet, looking back on the book, I have to say that for me its expansive gaze may have ended up as a weakness and not strength. Peered back at from a distance, the stories of all of these sad people start to blend together. You lose their individuation in the mist of their common regret and loss. Oh, of course you remember that one’s a journalist, another a publicist, a third the freelance publicist turned dissatisfied-housewife, a fourth’s a legal secretary-turned stay-at-home dad. And yet, what really makes these people individuals rather than clones of one another? Are they just melancholy dolls differentiated through their genders, ages, and background stories (this one born rich, this one poor, that one did coke, the other heroin)? The answer to that last question is probably no: many of the characters do stick with you and feel memorable. At the same time, though, because the emotional range of the novel is so limited (I can’t remember a single moment of real joy in the whole book), it’s easy to let the Goon Squad’s individuation recede into a murky fog. Add to this the fact that Egan’s characters, stared at individually, are well-done, a competent, decent job, but that she only rarely if ever plumbed the level of psychological depth that some of the greats are capable of: your Tolstoys, Updikes, and Franzens, each of whom can at times break through an outer shell of character that Egan rarely pierces into a vast interior life of which we see here only a glimpse. When you combine the commonality of Goon Squad circumstances, they become a people-cloud rather than a set of individuals.

That all said, Goon Squad was a book I enjoyed less while reading it than I do as I recount it. One reason might just be that it’s a generally pretty depressing book. Such characters as find happiness do so off-screen and in ways that suggest the hard-work of a meaningful life following one’s prosaic passions: one character becomes a dairy farmer, another sells cheese, a third goes back to get her PHD at 45 and venture out into the African wild for decades hence. The difficulties of stolid motherhood get special mention as particularly valuable. These are all recounted quickly, and the bulk of the book is devoted to sadness. This is not a flaw, just a reason that I may not have enjoyed the experience of reading it as much at the time as I do in retrospect. Like I said, not much joy here.

I’ll also say, and perhaps this is harsh, that I found Egan to be a very good writer, but just not a prose stylist on the same level as a Nabokov or Diaz or Roth. That’s admittedly an extremely high bar to judge her against, but reading it tended to have fewer “Wow” moments than some other books I’ve loved. That said, one test of a work’s worth is whether it makes you feel something and for how long. Do you just forget the book after you read it? By that standard, I’m finding Goon Squad to be a work that makes an impression on me, if not forever (because what lasts forever?) then at least for a worthy stretch of time.

Attention Deficits

Justified’s pursuit of excitement and non-stop action at the expense of story fits something broader that troubles me about the future of high-end TV. For years, great novelists like Cormac McCarthy, Philip Roth, Jonathan Franzen, and David Foster Wallace have all complained about what they see as the rapidly-declining attention span of the American reader (and indeed of readers of works by people like the authors above, the very type of people whose attentions we might think are most sustained). I worry that a similar thing can be seen in television. The genre that I’ve referred to as “high-end TV” was basically originated by The Sopranos (with some initial influences of things like Oz and The Larry Sanders Show) and then quickly followed by innovators like: The Wire, Six Feet Under, Deadwood, and The Shield.[1] Those shows were serialized rather than episodic in nature, more graphic than previous critically-acclaimed entertainment, and produced 13 episodes a season rather than 22. Contrasting those against previously-acclaimed pieces like ER, L.A. Law, or (to a lesser extent) NYPD Blue is like night and day in terms of their critical ambitions or quality.

But now, after the initial wave of innovation, this brand of show has entered a more mature phase; some general-interest syndicated networks aspire to put out lighter entertainment (Burn Notice, Leverage, Royal Pains, Monk, White Collar, etc.) but FX, Showtime, Starz, IFC, SyFi, AMC and PBS (Justified, Dexter, Magic City, Portlandia, Battlestar Galactica, Mad Men, and Downton Abbey among numerous others) have all followed in HBO’s footsteps and have made shows in the roughly 13-episode, more explicit, more loftily-aimed footsteps of the innovators named above.

As the industry has become more mature, though, I worry that it has also become more commercial and less artistic, seeking to project the excitement and thrills that keep the audience coming back for more, letting the backstory and subtlety drip out to feed the climax addiction, to give the viewer more of what they want. Thus plots of shows like True Blood, Justified, and (perhaps) Game of Thrones gain more and more forward-momentum, snow-balls rolling down a hill, while ignoring the contemplation and artistic boundary-pushing that set apart their earlier peers. It’s no coincidence that the more recent shows in this genre that have been produced and stayed on the air[2] have not reached the heights of earlier works. While they’re all good, the best two shows on TV now are each in their fifth season (Mad Men and Breaking Bad). While admittedly some great shows improve a bit over time, there’s nothing new on air now as good as those earlier works, and there’s not a lot in HBO or AMC’s pipeline that gives grounds for hope.[3]

The fast-pace and thrill addiction of Justified makes me concerned that episodic TV – a genre whose works are as lengthy and protracted as a Russian novel – is being damaged by the supposedly limited attention-span of its viewers, and that work in the slow, steady, brilliant vein of a Sopranos, Wire, or Mad Men would not be easily created today on TV. Hopefully this worry is baseless, though, and I eagerly hope for Justified to right the ship and prove me wrong.

[1] Freaks and Geeks is a tremendous show that was a network show and sort of falls outside of this genre.

[2] With the possible exception of Homeland which I haven’t seen.

[3] With the possible exception of Girls, which will never have the scale of the hour-long dramas.

The Lost Zone

Yesterday, I wrote about the problem shows about crime have with sentimentality and how that problem is reflected in their refusal to talk about money. Today I’m going to write about Justified’s own problems, which are not primarily of the monetary variety. Instead, Justified (a show I really love) is in danger of entering the Lost zone, the place where a show-runners’ addiction to thrills and drama infects their characters with that terminal disease of psychological implausibility. Can this patient survive? Before answering, I suppose I should first explain my diagnosis.

The reason I stopped watching Lost[1] was because I got tired of the characters continually doing things that made no fucking sense. [2] This happened to coincide with the show’s plot and mythology[3] both making no fucking sense.[4] The creators of Lost were like the Wizards of Oz of television: they liked showing you a lot of smoke and pretty colors, but there was ultimately nothing behind the curtain. They wanted each episode to be thrilling, each revelation stunning, but they didn’t want to do the hard work that would make it all make sense. They didn’t care enough to ground their characters in realism and paint their motives to be true to life.[5] It’s fun as an entertainment (good for them), but it was just a sugary treat and easy to get tired of. Who cares about the explosions if they involve characters whose only enduring quality is the ability to be around explosions?

Thus, the Lost zone tempts all shows: it’s always the easier choice to sacrifice realism and plausibility for the momentary thrill of more. The trick behind great drama is to create the same thrills and fun of a Lost while maintaining a core of character and realism that speaks to actual human experience. Breaking Bad and The Wire both do this very well. I worry, however, that Justified is itself succumbing to this disease of More.

This season of Justified can be described charitably with the word “thrill-ride” and uncharitably as “over-stuffed.”[6] They’ve replaced one Big Bad in the second season (Mags) with two: Quarles and Limehouse. They’ve kept Dickie Bennett around the action, expanded the focus on Boyd’s crew, given more time to Wynn Duffie, added ancillary characters like Errol and Tanner, and even given us a couple episodes worth of Dewey Crowe (who doesn’t love Dewey Crowe?). This has combined to produce tremendous forward momentum and give the episodes a bang-bang structure of climax after climax, payoff after payoff, that is fun until you step off the roller-coaster to ask “what the hell happened?”. Intrigued by the enigmatic Detroit hustler Robert Quarles (a great character)? Watch The Man Behind the Curtain to get a peek behind his motivations and his background (one that appears not so different from the Bennett clan spotlit in Season 2). Want the curtain ripped off entirely? Watch Guy Walks Into a Bar, to see Quarles emotionally naked before you, in tears telling his horrific life story. Want to see Quarles actually naked[7]…. Ok, I think you get the point.

So with all that good stuff, how could there be a problem? Well, there’s still that niggling question of accuracy and honesty and realistic detail; of telling not just a fun story but a true one, one you care about, and here’s where, as Justified careens forward, its wheels are starting to wobble a bit, rattling and getting ready to spin off.  Because amidst all of that excitement, the actual characters and the reasons behind their actions, are starting to get lost. Maybe the annoying “how-could-Boyd-be-this-stupid” twist at the beginning of Episode 12 can be forgiven as run-of-the-mill suspension of disbelief (but you’ll have to also forgive (spoiler alert): Wynn’s decision not to push his trigger before the end of episode 12; Boyd’s spending crucial hours on a plot that he later said he was never interested in; Boyd’s leaving two dangerous men to be guarded by a cripple, one bad-guy’s bounty of $100,000 dead and $200,000 alive on a guy that he knows is so dangerous that pursuing the $200 is stupid;  Dickie’s idiotic plan to get back his money; Raylan’s decision to holster his gun in front of a bad guy waving his; Raylan’s trust that Quarles will take the gun from him in the season finale rather than just shooting Raylan, Johnny’s crazy idea that getting rid of Boyd would be good for him, etc.) But what about Limehouse’s entire motivations for his grand plan this entire season? How does that make any sense given his goals and motivations[8]? It can’t be claimed that that seeming inconsistency doesn’t matter or does not need to be explained – it goes to the whole point of the character. After a while, these inconsistencies start to add up; they start to chip away at the stake the viewer invests in the show. It begins to seem like the writers are just putting on a light-show whose only purpose is to dazzle, that they’re not even attempting to make their gripping story about true characters we can relate to, one that still shines, but with even more spectacular dramatic heat.

I’d imagine the defense the writers would give would be that many of the inconsistencies I flag are just instances of the characters’ eyes being too big for their stomachs, that they’re giving in to temptation. whis is making them do stupid things, that the deep structure of the show punishes those who try to be something they’re not – on getting greedy with their aspirations. But a theme is not an explanation – if you want to make that (or anything else) the reason for characters making mistakes and doing things that baffle the viewer, you need to do the hard work of actually showing the character’s motivations; you can’t just skip ahead to the fun part where you get to watch shit blow up. Or, well, I suppose you can — it’s just that people will subconsciously notice, and next season they’ll wonder why they’re just not that into Justified anymore and ask themselves when the show jumped the shark.

Next Monday, I’ll continue with how the problem of Justified might reflect a broader issue afflicting its genre of ambitious television and speculation as to a possible cause.

[1] Also The Walking Dead

[2] (spoilers) Hey, Sayid, why become an assassin for Ben (who you hate) (also, why be an evil psycho-killer and then change your mind)? Hey, everybody, why not ask the Others about all those mysteries on the island, like, ever? Hey, Dogen, why try to force Sayid to take poison (via Jack, a doctor)?

[3] Hey Others, why did you steal all those children, exactly (or commit genocide against the Dharma initiative, or be so fucking evil for no reason?)

[4] If you can’t tell, I have a lot of unresolved anger towards the show.

[5] See, on the other hand, the Game of Thrones books for a series that has so far handled mysteries, answers, and realism well. Harry Potter also did a decent job, I think.

[6] Traits it shares with Season 3 of True Blood: Season 4 of that show did not go well.

[7] Watch Coalition. No, seriously. Dude’s naked (and SPOILER ALERT: free-basing Oxy out of a shotgun). 

[8] Specifically SPOILER ALERT: Limehouse’s motivations seem to be that he wants his fiefdom of Noble’s Hollow protected from outside encroachment. How does that justify fucking with Boyd and Quarles to get them to go after each other? Where do we see the gain in that for Limehouse? Wouldn’t he have been better off just ignoring Boyd and never introducing himself to Quarles?

Money Troubles

This is the first of a couple of posts involving the show Justified.

Justified has a problem with numbers. I’ll give you two examples from this past season: first, the sum of Mags Bennett’s great marijuana fortune is too large ($3,000,000); second, the amount of money that proves a sticking point between Robert Quarles and his Detroit backers is too small ($50,000).[1] These might seem like trifling issues (who among us really likes to dwell on our finances?), but Justified’s early-season money troubles represented the first-sighted tip of the iceberg that has carved itself across the bow of the show. Now Justified is taking on water, and I fear it might eventually sink.

Just as it’s rude to talk about money in social settings, TV shows also tend to speak of it in vagaries and in muted tones. Try to figure out how much Tony Soprano takes home each year. What about Avon Barksdale? Nuckie Thompson? Al Swearengen? Stringer Bell? (Sorry, the Wire was good enough that I had to include it twice). Breaking Bad is (to its credit) sometimes more specific, but even their it just turns around and bites them in the ass: that whole stupid Skyler-Ted tax-deficiency storyline was just a way to work Walt’s fortune down to a figure manageable enough for him to feel the financial squeeze.

There are two problems with numbers for shows like these: the first is generalizable and minor; it goes beyond the crime genre of the shows I’ve mentioned so far: Numbers are just another ball to juggle when trying to preserve continuity. If you say Don Draper has a million dollars in season 1, you can’t do a story about him not having any money in season 3 unless you want to do a “Don Draper loses his money” plot in season 2.[2] Better to avoid specifics because it’s just one less thing to deal with.

The second problem is more substantive, because it involves breaking from the realism of a character’s motives and is thus artistically important. Here’s a question that shows about crime face: why do successful criminals stay criminals? That is, if the villains that we watch are smart enough for their schemes to ever pay off, can’t they just retire? Numerical specificity makes this problem more pressing: too much money and the character lacks a motivation to stay a criminal; too little forces the viewer to question why she’s even watching this schlub.

The real-life answer to why criminals stay criminals is probably a combination of “crime doesn’t pay” (enough to impress the upper-class elites who set the critical stage for these shows) and “they just like being criminals.” Some shows do, to their credit, portray this (Take Avon’s “I’m just a gangster I suppose, and I want my corners;” or the Sopranos ballads of, variously, Eugene Pontecorvo, Chris Moltisanti, and Vito Spatafore), but many shows want a narrative where their protagonists have some desire not to be criminals (Breaking Bad, Boardwalk Empire, Weeds, The Shield, Sons of Anarchy, Stringer Bell in The Wire are a few that come to mind)[3]. For these shows, once you show them the money, you need to find a way to take it back; otherwise you won’t have a story to tell. Repeat this process too many times, though, and you’re watching Wile E. Coyote chase the Roadrunner (a.k.a. Burn Notice[4]).

This all points to a flaw with many TV shows about crime, and it’s a flaw of sentimentality — of wanting to tell a romantic story (the sympathetic criminal pulling one last job) that’s bullshit. It fails because a real criminal in that situation would either (a) die; (b) win (and not be a criminal anymore); or (c) actually be an unsympathetic scumbag who won’t fulfill our desire to romanticize criminals and crime. Movies can sort-of get away with this because they end quickly, but TV shows drag on, so they need to do a better job if they aspire to be art and not just entertainment. Thus, in order to hide this crack in their artistic foundation, shows often mumble away the specific dollar figures that would force an accounting. Justified boldly avoided this (kudos) and gets down to details, but the mistakes they made with the number just show broader problems creeping into the show, which I’ll discuss in my post tomorrow.

[1] $3M is too large because Mags would never have to have gone after that Black Pike money in season 2 if she had three million dollars stashed away (also no criminal in Harlan would ever trust someone else to hold onto that much money for them no matter what).  $50K is too small because given the way Quarles is presented at the beginning of the season (basically throwing away some large payment from Emmett, routinely ordering $30 shots of whisky, etc.), he should be able to come up with that on his own (particularly since he presumably stole all of Emmett’s Dixie Mafia business).

[2] For an analogous case: science fiction shows tend to feel this pain in a more pervasive and more-ridiculous way when they pin themselves down on scientific explanations of phenomena within their universe: the question — if the Borg are a hive-mind, how can they have a queen? is one of the less ridiculous examples of this to come up in Star Trek

[3] There’s not a lot of conflict inherent with people that enjoy their jobs, and the happy criminal is an unsympathetic character to put at the center of a show.

[4] Or How I Met Your Mother

The Discomfort Zone

I wrote the bulk of this post a few months ago and haven’t gotten to finishing it until today:

So remember when I said I was obsessed with Jonathan Franzen. Well, rather than resisting temptation, I read another of his books, this one a personal memoir, The Discomfort Zone.  Besides my being a creepy stalker, the book appealed to me (1) as biographical background to cast light on Freedom and The Corrections and (2) because I’m writing some memoirish stuff of my own about my kidney donation  and I’ve been wanting to read some examples of the genre.

The Discomfort Zone is clearly one of Franzen’s lesser works (I think he would freely admit this). It’s certainly not bad, but the memoir is not a great form for him, and it’s clearly much smaller than either of his two great novels in scope and ambition. Memoir fits him poorly because he’s not naturally a confessional author.  It’s not that he’s private in a factual sense, since he is indeed very honest and open in Discomfort Zone, completely willing to divulge details that put him in an unkind or absurd light, he: didn’t masturbate until after the age of 18; was a virgin until he was a senior in college (when he slept with his future wife); cheated (maybe) on that wife with a 27-year old, etc. At the same time, he uses his writerly craft to render his experiences into good stories that have a reality apart from the objective circumstances they describe. This artifice makes his chapters to be entertaining and meaningful essays while managing to avoid leaving the author emotionally naked. Franzen presents himself like a minor character in one of his novels rather than as an unfettered I, as a person writing about their own experiences.

To psychoanalyze, I believe part of this comes from Franzen’s tremenndous emotional sensitivity. In the video I linked to in my Counterlife post, he described himself as so afraid of conflict that he can’t read for himself a letter expressing annger with his work. For him to reveal earnestly the dark emotional truths about him from his own perspective would be too much to bear. Instead, Franzen’s a writer who  can’t bear to let the reader see him cry. He’s willing to describe his dark truths and tell stories that artfully get at them, but that’s not what we look for from a great memoir: in a novel we connect with characters, but in a memoir we connect with the author. A memoirist who preserves his writerly distance can produce a work we admire and enjoy, but he cannot persuade us to fall in love.

The work Franzen does produce is in the key of Adam Gopnik, a very fine writer on his own, but not one who can produce the torrential emotionality generated by the best memoirists  and by Franzen-the-novelist. Like Gopnik’s oeuvre, the Discomfort Zone is essentially a comedy. Moments of great significance and tragedy occur (Franzen marries and is divorced; his mother dies of cancer), but those are mostly clustered in his final, strongest chapter. The arc of the book (more a series of essays than any sort of autobiography) mostly explores Franzen’s childhood up to the end of his college career (where the final chapter covering the rest of his life starts off). Franzen memorably and Gopnikianly describes his childhood self as “a fundamentally ridiculous person.” While Franzen has clearly examined his life and made the hard journey into mature adulthood, I get the sense that he still views himself in a comic light. Though he describes himself with great perceptiveness, he always does it with a self-effacing shrug and ironic point: look at this silly person over here. He doesn’t see himself as a character about whom books deserve to be written.

Now I know so far I’ve been giving this book scant praise, but it really is quite good. In particular, while Franzen is incapable of making you feel his trek to adulthood, he explains it perceptively and precisely. Franzen tells the story of his love for German literature (he was a German major because he didn’t want to do science and his stern father threatened not to pay for the school of someone unserious enough to major in English) as the story of his growing from child into man. Kafka’s The Trial (or as Franzen says, in German “The Case” or “The Process) mirrors his own trial of self-understanding. Mann’s The Magic Mountain traces Franzen’s own voyage into Bohemian adulthood (and sexual awakening). He describes the happy awkwardness of life as a prodigious adolescent with his constant attempts to avoid Social Death, but he also perceptively shows the sharpening of his embryonic moral sense through his following the example of a Christian youth-group leader (who he portrays in convincing detail). Taken as perceptive, artful, description of the empirical phenomenon of growing up, the book does well, but unlike the greatest of Franzen’s work, it only rarely pierces through to emotional revelation. If you’re a Franzen-lover, you’ll find the book worth your time, but if you’re looking for a memoirist to punch through a wall so you can glimpse their soul, you should probably move along.

The Joy of Crocheting (A Hobbes Doll)

As a huge fan of Calvin and Hobbes, I had always wanted a Hobbes doll of my very own. However, given Bill Watterson’s strong stance against licensing Calvin and Hobbes (and my desire to respect his reasons for refusing to merchandise his strip), this proved to be quite the dilemma. Ultimately, I realized that if I really wanted Hobbes, I would have to make him myself. And so I did — and it proved to be one of my most rewarding experiences in recent memory. In this post, I provide a how-to (along with words of encouragement) for other people who might be interested in making their own Hobbes dolls (or other amigurumi dolls).

First and foremost: yes, it is completely possible for a an absolute beginner to crochet to just plunge into making Hobbes. Not only did I have no crocheting experience coming into this, but the last time I touched any form of arts and crafts was in middle school. Second, the time frame: I finished my Hobbes in a month (working only on weekends), and I would say that the whole project took roughly 30 hours, which includes the learning curve and a few mess-ups here and there that I had to undo.

I worked mostly off sukigirl74’s free crochet pattern (this site explains how to read a crochet pattern). However, I did improvise at a few points to get my doll to look more like Watterson’s drawing, which is why my doll looks different from hers. I also cheated and super-glued (rather than sewed) the black felt, muzzle, and white tummy on. Sukigirl74’s preface is worth repeating here: “The reason he is free is because the creator of Calvin and Hobbes, Bill Watterson did not want to commercialize his work, so keeping that in mind, please don’t sell this pattern and don’t sell the completed work. I feel that part of enjoying Calvin and Hobbes is also respecting the man who created it. So this pattern is offered to people who want to make Hobbes for themselves or a loved one.”


The pattern itself tells you what materials you’ll need, but here are the particular brands I used:
Orange Yarn ($3.28)
Black Yarn ($3.28)
White Yarn ($3.28)
Darning Needles ($4.35)
Black Felt ($0.35)
Crochet Hook ($5.98)
Super-glue ($4): From my local Duane Reade.
Stuffing: I ripped open an old cushion.
Making your own Hobbes: priceless (sorry, had to)

Getting Started — The Links and Videos I Found Helpful:

(1) The basics of crochetI would recommend spending at least 15 minutes practicing these stitches and unraveling. You will then know enough to plunge directly into making Hobbes, starting with the magic loop (which is required for the first step of the pattern).

(2) How to make a magic loop. The magic loop is going to be how you begin Hobbes’ head (and most of his other body parts). To help you better visualize what you will be doing: you are starting from the very top of his head (see picture)

and adding circular rows that are gradually increasing in diameter until halfway through, when you will start gradually decreasing, in order to get the spherical shape. I watched the following videos (the best I could find) over and over again and stared at the diagrams in frustration for a good while before I finally figured out how to do a magic loop, so don’t get discouraged!

(3) How to make an oval (for Hobbes’ white belly).

(4) How to decrease stitches (super-easy).

I’d like to end with two final notes of encouragement. First, there is something extremely satisfying about creating something from complete scratch — a satisfaction I’ve also derived from activities like web programming, graphic design, and layout — and which I’m sure others derive from activities like cooking or baking. I would highly recommend trying one such activity (especially for those who are in a profession or line of study where you feel like you’re stuck navigating through the trees without seeing the forest or where it can be difficult to see what the final product is). Second, sometimes you just have to plunge in. Is there something you’ve always wanted to do? I spent $25 on yarn on a whim after winter break, figuring I would make myself learn once I had the materials, and not only do I now finally have a Hobbes doll but I am on my third crochet project. Anyway, I would urge you to just “go for it” (whatever “it” may be)!

I’d be happy to answer questions in the comments (even if you’re stumbling upon this post a year from now). Happy crocheting!

It's a magical world, Hobbes ol' buddy . . . . Let's go exploring!

The Sunset Limited

In the twenty-four-month period from  2005 to 2006, Cormac McCarthy released three works. The first, a bracing, pulp-thriller called No Country for Old Men  was such an excellent  paragon of its genre that it was translated almost verbatim into a movie that won the Academy Award for Best Picture (beating out There Will Be Blood, among others). The second, The Road, was a post-apocalyptic meditation on fatherhood and the value of human existence that instantly inserted itself into the western canon in as forceful a way as almost as any book since Tony Morrison’s Beloved. The third was a weird little play called The Sunset Limited.

I stumbled across The Sunset Limited when I was reading McCarthy’s Wikipedia page recently and noticed that he had recently written this play that I had never heard of. Another click told me that  the play had also been adapted into a TV movie by HBO, starring Samuel L. Jackson and Tommy Lee Jones . I found this quite intriguing, particularly since I had never heard of the movie and suspect that most people have not. A few more clicks validated my decision to subscribe to HBO — if you have HBO-GO you can watch the full 90-minutes on their website, which I did last night.

In the movie, Samuel L. Jackson (named “Black”) tries to convince Tommy Lee Jones’s character (named “White) not to kill himself (the title refers both to the train that Jones attempted to throw himself under and the death itself represented by that train). The entire movie takes place in Jackson’s run-down apartment. It becomes quickly very apparent that the work is very purely an allegory — Jackson is an angel sent by God  to persuade Jones that life is worth living, Jones is the manifestation of evil in the world trying to argue that it’s not. They both make pretty good points.

In the very limited coverage of this work that Google turns up, only a few people describe Jackson as an angel, and there’s some sense in which McCarthy leaves the question open. Indeed one of the best parts of the work is that Jackson’s character is exactly what a Christian God that existed in this world would send as his emmisary — he’s a real person; he has a real story and lives in a real apartment. He’s a black preacher who was once a criminal in a different life but has found Jesus. He is infinitely good, kind, caring, forgiving, and his only want is to do the Lord’s work.

Thus, I think many viewers have interpreted Jackson’s angel as merely a very religious man whose reasons are very good and whose efforts are very admirable. They are wrong to assume this or at least to assume only this, since McCarthy makes it very clear that Jackson’s character is indeed supernatural. He can perform any act of multiplication instantly in his head; he reads Jones’s character’s mind when Jones is silent; he kept Jones from jumping in front of a train when Jones had never noticed he was even there. Jackson also calls a place the “Jail House” that seems to be more than just a prison, and he has heard God’s voice in a context that implies that Jackson might have been resurrected from the dead. He’s definitely an angel, and part of the allure of the work is how real he seems. McCarthy has written exactly what an angel would look like if he were a part of our broken world. Jackson’s only noticeably divine to the bare extent necessary to do the job.

It helps in the movie that Jackson plays this compelling character with tremendous power and charisma. He’s great in the role. One thing that makes this movie so strange, however, is that Tommy Lee Jones acting is horrible for almost all of it (his character does get in some great monologues in the end). His character seems too squirrely to be real, his dialogue readings are mannered, odd, and forced. He doesn’t sound like a real person, and it’s jarring. While watching, I thought Jones was just mailing in his performance (I joked to my friends that he probably didn’t read the script before trying to film it) until I discovered that Jones directed the movie. Like I said, it’s a weird work.

This weirdness partially excuses Jones’s poor performance in the Sunset Limited, which can be at least mildly attributed to the play’s dialogue itself being quite strange and difficult to perform in a naturalistic way. That’s why (I assume) the play is subtitled: “A Novel in Dramatic Form”. Cormac McCarthy is not first and foremost a playwright, and he doesn’t write dialogue that fits neatly into movie format. Try acting out the dialogue of the Road verbatim and you’ll get the general idea. Thus, if you’re going to be put off by it sounding a bit clipped and archaic, you’re going to want to change the channel.

The work is in its own right a fascinating moral discussion of a piece with the Grand Inquisition scene in Dostoevsky’s Brothers Karamazov. It’s a great exemplar of the work that mixes philosophy and literature (often noted in Russian literature), and should be read from that perspective. I also think, though, that the play casts a fascinating light on the other, more noted works produced by McCarthy in this period – No Country and The Road. One way it does this is to show the increasing significance of moral philosophy as a subject of McCarthy’s work, particularly The Road, which the author has described as being about human goodness.  Another is to demonstrate McCarthy’s increasing interest in what I can only describe as genre fiction: No Country, the crime thriller; The Road, filed safely in sci-fi under the sub-heading Post-Apocalypse; Sunset. devotional literature. At the least, it’s very far outside the bounds of most serious fiction, a place where angels seldom intrude. During McCarthy’s eigth decade (he’s 78 now), one gets the sense that he was aiming to grapple with existential questions more directly in part by removing distractions in order to speak more plainly– to express his message in The Road he had to get rid of all civilization. In The Sunset Limited, he seems to have forgone humanity entirely to speak with the angels, and yet his work is no less vivid for having done so.